Community Development Food Politics

UN Secretary-General Urges Global Community to Support Afghanistan During its Challenging Times

UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres

The United Nations (UN) Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres has urged the international community to join hands to assist and save the lives of vulnerable Afghans who are experiencing the most difficult times after the Taliban seized power a couple of weeks ago.

Leading the appeal in Geneva for $606 million to support emergency aid for 11 million people across the country, the UN Chief said that even before the uncertainty caused by the Taliban takeover last month, people were in the grip of one of the worst crises in the world.

“The international community should urgently offer a lifeline to millions of vulnerable Afghans who face perhaps their most perilous hour.

“After decades of war, suffering and insecurity, now is the time for the international community to stand with them,” said Guterres.

The Secretary-General highlighted concerns over humanitarian access as needs rise dramatically and described them as a “desperate situation.”

“One in two Afghans do not know where their next meal is coming from. Many people could run out of food by the end of the month, just as winter approaches”.

Following this, Guterres emphasised the urgent need for food, life-saving interventions and essential health care for the people of Afghanistan.

He said, “Robust mechanisms have been established to coordinate humanitarian efforts that were anchored in human rights. The country’s new rulers had pledged their cooperation to ensure assistance is delivered to the people of Afghanistan.

“Our staff and all aid workers must be allowed to do their vital work in safety — without harassment, intimidation or fear.”

The Executive Director of the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Henrietta Fore also highlighted that the desperate situation was becoming dire for many Afghans.

“Nearly 600,000 people-more than half of whom are children have been displaced due to conflict this year,” she said.

Fore pointed out that the number of unaccompanied and separated children was also increasing.

“We have received informal reports of the recruitment of children by parties to the conflict and are concerned that children may be at a heightened risk of experiencing other grave violations of their rights.”

Pertaining to the rights concerns in the spotlight, it has been highlighted that the flash appeal for food, life-saving interventions and essential health care, including maternal health care comes against a backdrop of deep concern that women’s rights are under threat from Afghanistan’s new rulers.

Speaking at the Human Rights Council in Geneva on Monday, High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet stressed the extent of the humanitarian and economic crisis in Afghanistan.

It had entered “a new and perilous phase while many Afghans were also “profoundly concerned for their human rights, particularly women, ethnic and religious communities”.

According to UN News, Ms Bachelet’s comments followed a warning from her office, OHCHR, that whips, batons and live ammunition have been used on peaceful protesters in the last week.

Unauthorized assemblies have been banned and telecommunications companies have been told to cut the internet on mobile phones in specific areas of Kabul, OHCHR warned last Friday.

Meanwhile, UN emergency relief chief Martin Griffiths noted that he had received written assurances from the Taliban leadership to allow relief efforts to continue.

These guarantees followed his meeting with the Taliban’s interim leaders in Kabul last week, where he urged the country’s new rulers to respect human rights and facilitate aid access.

Griffiths said,”Women and girls should have access to education, among other rights and services “as anywhere else in the world. The Taliban’s written commitments included the removal of “current and previous impediments” to the UN’s humanitarian projects.”

He added that aid workers would also be protected by the Taliban, as would the sanctity of UN premises and that they were in agreement about women’s rights and freedom of expression, in line with the country’s religious and cultural values.

The UN News has it that, speaking from Kabul, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, underscored the high level of needs among Afghanistan’s 3.5 million displaced people, and the potential for even greater suffering and fears of more displacement.

“If you look at it from the perspective of the current crisis, I fear that the collapse of services, and that the economy that has already been described as a risk, coupled perhaps with increased violence and tension, could lead to a much greater displacement, internal and external, and this may happen very soon.”

If funding is received soon it can be used to scale up help to vulnerable Afghans displaced outside the country, Mr. Grandi added, highlighting the need for financial support for vaccination campaigns and resettlement programmes.

As part of the wider Afghanistan appeal, the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) is seeking nearly $30 million to respond to the urgent needs and protection of Afghanistan’s women and girls.

The funding will be used to meet the reproductive health and protection needs of some 1.6 million vulnerable women and girls across the country.

Addressing the conference, UNFPA Executive Director Natalia Kanem insisted that Afghan women and girls must not be abandoned.

“My message today: we must stand strong and stand together to protect the fundamental rights, freedoms and very lives of Afghan women and girls and not allow 20 years of hard-won gains to be eroded before their eyes.

“Neither religious beliefs nor politics must ever be used to justify curtailment of women’s full participation in all aspects of society,” she said.

UNFPA continues to deliver services amid the current crises afflicting the country, through 200 family health houses and protection centres.

The agency stated that the was political unrest and ongoing volatility, combined with a suspension in international donor funding, has disrupted access to life-saving healthcare, warning that further reductions in support to education, health and social services, would have devastating consequences.

Meanwhile, the head of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has underlined the urgent need to safeguard rural livelihoods and avoid massive displacement, the UN News Daily rap reveals.

FAO Director-General Qu Dongyu called for funding to save Afghanistan’s next wheat harvest, keep farm animals alive, and avoid a deterioration of the country’s already severe humanitarian crises.

“The window of opportunity to assist Afghan farmers before winter is very narrow. It is critical that support be scaled up and speeded up immediately. Without urgent and rapid assistance, farmers will miss this crucial planting season, which is just starting,” said Qu.

FAO, it has been learnt, is seeking $36 million to speed up support to farmers and ensure they will not miss the upcoming winter wheat planting season.

Some 3.5 million Afghans who depend on agriculture for their incomes will also be assisted until the end of the year.

About the author

Byron Adonis Mutingwende